We work and play in the heat. To stay safe, keep these tips in mind:
- wear lightweight, loose fitting clothing and a wide brimmed hat.
- remember to drink plenty of fluids…. drink 8 glasses of water, fruit or vegetable juice every hour, more if heavy exercise is involved. Sports drinks are great because they replenish your electrolytes. Avoid caffeine and alcohol because both can cause you to lose more fluids making heat exhaustion worse. Check with your doctor if you are on a fluid restricted diet before increasing fluid intake.
- Apply cooling measures such as fans or cool towels if air conditioning is not an option.
- Take short and frequent breaks when heat advisories have been posted or when it is 90 degrees or higher.
Symptoms of heat exhaustion:
- pale skin
- profuse sweating and rapid heartbeat
Treating heat exhaustion:
If you or someone you are with has heat exhaustion, it is important to get them out of the heat and rest in a cool or shady area.
- drink plenty of fluids
- remove any tight or unnecessary clothing
- take a cool shower, bath or sponge bath
- apply cooling measures such as fans or ice towels
If these measures do not improve symptoms within 30 minutes, contact a doctor because untreated heat exhaustion can lead to heat stroke.
Risk factors for heat exhaustion include:
- infants and elderly
- overweight or underweight
- heart, lung and kidney disease